Red flags in Speech and Language for a Child

Patricia Ruiz, Executive Director at Miami Speech Institute, identifies the Red flags in Speech and Language for a Child. Speech delays, Autism and most common speech and language disorders are addressed.

Speech therapy and Language therapy in Coral Gables, Miami.

Speech therapy in Miami is full of options but The Miami Speech Institute has been awarded in 2017 as the Best Speech Pathologists in Miami by Expertise. Best Speech Pathologists in MiamiMiami Speech Institutes objective is to work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults. Our clinic offers comprehensive speech evaluations, speech therapy for the following areas of communication:

 

  • Articulation / Phonology
  • Language
  • Auditory Language Processing
  • Oral Motor Function
  • Pragmatic (Social) Language
  • Dysphagia
  • Aphasia
  • Fluency
  • Voice
  • Dysarthria
  • Developmental Delays

Other speech therapy services offered include parent groups and screenings.

Parent Groups

We are pleased to offer a parent group periodically throughout the year. Information regarding these meetings will be posted on our blog.

Screenings

Apart from our office, we are able to provide screening services at private schools, daycare centers, and pediatric offices. Hearing screenings are available upon request for children ages 3 and up.

A screening is an abbreviated evaluation that determines whether or not a child is performing at an age-appropriate level. Screenings assesses the following areas:

  • Expressive Language
  • Receptive Language
  • Articulation
  • Voice
  • Fluency

If there is an area of concern, a comprehensive speech-language evaluation will be recommended. However, there’s no obligation to proceed with the therapist recommended services.

What is a Speech and Language Pathologist?

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults.

  • Social communication disorders occur when a person has trouble with the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication. These disorders may include problems (a) communicating for social purposes (e.g., greeting, commenting, asking questions), (b) talking in different ways to suit the listener and setting, and (c) following rules for conversation and story-telling. All individuals with autism spectrum disorder have social communication problems. Social communication disorders are also found individuals with other conditions, such as traumatic brain injury.
  • Cognitive-communication disorders include problems organizing thoughts, paying attention, remembering, planning, and/or problem-solving. These disorders usually happen as a result of a stroke, traumatic brain injury, or dementia, although they can be congenital.
  • Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) are feeding and swallowing difficulties, which may follow an illness, surgery, stroke, or injury.

What are speech disorders?

Speech disorders occur when a person has difficulty producing speech sounds correctly or fluently (e.g., stuttering is a form of disfluency) or has problems with his or her voice or resonance. Some disorders include Fluency, Articulation and Voice.

Fluency disorder is characterized by an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech characterized by hesitations, repetitions, or prolongations of sounds, syllables, words, or phrases.

Articulation disorder is characterized by difficulties with the way sounds are formed and strung together, usually characterized by substituting one sound for another (wabbit for rabbit), omitting a sound (han for hand), and distorting a sound (ship for sip).

Voice disorder is characterized by inappropriate pitch (too high, too low, never changing, or interrupted by breaks); quality (harsh, hoarse, breathy, or nasal); loudness, resonance, and duration.

What are language disorders?

Language disorders occur when a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings (expressive language). Language disorders may be spoken or written and may involve the form (phonology, morphology, syntax), content (semantics), and/or use (pragmatics) of language in functional and socially appropriate ways.

Form of Language Phonology is the sound system of a language and the rules about how sounds are combined.

Morphology is the structure of words and how word forms are constructed.

Syntax is the order and combination of words to form sentences.

Content of Language Semantics is related to the meanings of words and sentences.

Use of Language Pragmatics is the combination of language components (phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics) in functional and socially appropriate ways.

Language disorders may include:

Impaired language development characterized by a marked slowness or gaps in the development of language skills.

Aphasia the loss of acquired language abilities, generally resulting from stroke or brain injury.

How many persons have speech and language disorders?

The prevalence of speech sound disorders in young children is 8-9%. By the first grade, roughly 5% of children have noticeable speech disorders; the majority of these speech disorders have no known cause.

Between 6 and 8 million people in the United States have some form of language impairment.
About one million persons in the United States have aphasia (partial or complete impairment of language comprehension and expression caused by brain damage, most often from stroke).

It is estimated that more than 3 million Americans stutter.

Approximately 7.5 million people in the United States have a voice disorder.

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)

How can a speech-language pathologist help individuals with speech and language disorders?

Treatment will vary depending on the nature and severity of the problem, the age of the individual, and the individual’s awareness of the problem. Speech-language pathologists select intervention approaches based on the highest quality of scientific evidence available in order to:

  • Assist individuals with articulation disorders to learn how to say speech sounds correctly.
  • Assist individuals with voice disorders to develop proper control of the vocal and respiratory systems for correct voice production.
  • Assist individuals who stutter to increase their fluency.
  • Assist children with language disorders to improve language comprehension and production (e.g., grammar, vocabulary, and conversation, and story-telling skills).
  • Assist individuals with aphasia to improve comprehension of speech and reading and production of spoken and written language.
  • Assist individuals with severe communication disorders with the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems, including speech-generating devices (SGDs).
  • Assist individuals with speech and language disorders and their communication partners understand the disorders to achieve more effective communication in educational, social, and vocational settings.
  • Advise individuals and the community on how to prevent speech and language disorders.
 

Patricia Ruiz, Executive Director at Miami Speech Institute, invited to America TV.

Patricia Ruiz, Executive Director at Miami Speech Institute, invited to America TV in Miami to address bilingualism.

Office Schedules

Monday: Closed
Tuesday: 1:30 pm to 7:00 pm
Wednesday: 1:30 pm to 7:00 pm
Thursday: 1:30 pm to 7:00 pm
Friday: 1:30 pm to 7:00 pm
Saturday: Closed
Sunday: Closed

What our Happy Parents Say

  • I started with Miami Speech Institute since it was just Patty herself and now its a whole family of therapists providing full coverage from Speech, Occupational, Behavior Therapy and more. They are amazing, friendly, flexible, professional, efficient and the best of it: Kids love them!!! YOU SEE THE RESULTS, THE IMPROVEMENT in no time. Kids and parents love the environment, lots of good vibes, very happy and friendly place. I highly recommend it. Its the best educational boost for your kid.
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    Jennifer M.
    Parent
  • I came to Miami Speech Institute because it was recommended by another therapist that goes to see my daughter at the daycare. The owner, Patricia, was really nice to me since the first time I spoke to her. We finally setup an appointment and, here I am. She evaluated my daughter and the whole process was very quick. I bring my daughter three times a week and I really like the place and the people that works there. They explain to me after every therapy what they were working on and what progress my daughter has made. They also accommodate my appointments even when I need to change them, which means a lot to me since my daughter doesn’t need to miss her sessions. I’ve been coming for almost a month now and I’ve heard great things from another parents that also bring their kids here. I have great hopes that they will be able to help my daughter. I’m really glad I came.
    Raquel A.
    Parent
  • We love u girls thanks for so much love with my babies.
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    Adri Treminio
    Parent
  • Congratulations to Miami Speech Institute for its continued success. Many blessings to you Patricia Ruiz and your wonderful staff!! It clearly shows you LOVE what you do.
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    Linette Ochoa
    Parent
  • Congratulations!! Keep on growing and doing such wonderful things for those special kids!!
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    Guillermo Benites
    Parent
Phone: 786 541-7289
Fax: 786 452-8359
717 Ponce De Leon Blvd., Suite 221
Coral Gables, FL 33134
Email: miamispeechinstitute@gmail.com